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Oil based Lubricants-All You Need to Know

Lubricants play a vital role in the smooth running and safe functioning of different types of machinery and automobile parts. Although a connector backshell also provides protection to connections against EMI and mechanical wear, however, oil based lubricants play a major role in protection of machinery and are irreplaceable.

Unlike the general perception of machinery lubricants, they do not just make the surface smooth or oily to resist corrosion but also help to reduce friction in machines to prevent them from heating up and collapsing.

Lubricants also protect machine surfaces against the harmful effects of sun and heatas well as wear and tear.

When machines work, small particles from different parts of the machinery may shed off which can hinder the smooth running of the machinery. Oil based lubricants are a great way to stop unwanted shedding of such particles inside the machinery. Lubricants can make the surface of different automobile parts smooth making it stronger and more durable against friction.

Apart from heat and sunlight, machines are also affected by humidity especially when there are metal components in a machinery. The combination of air and moisture is harmful for metals and this can be easily prevented through lubricants.

Besides using a lubricant on its own, you can mix different types of additives and chemicals to prevent your machines against the adverse effects of humidity. By mixing in additives in your lubricants, you can protect your machinery from excessive moisture and water. This in result, prevents your metal surfaces from rusting and damaging your machines.

Once you have purchased the right type of lubricant for your machinery and have added the required amount of additives in it, you can improve the performance as well as the overall life of your machines.

Through lubricants, you can also make your machines more safer to use and operate. Lubricants usually contain an oil base. The oil base may be of the following types:

1. Mineral lubricant base

2. Synthetic lubricant base

3. Vegetable lubricant base

Vegetable base is the least common form of lubricant oil base. Whereas mineral and synthetic lubricants are more popular among experts and industrial professionals.

Mineral oil, on one hand, is made from crude oil and its price varies depending on how much refined or raw it is. Synthetic oil, on the other hand, can be customized as per the industrial needs. The chemical properties of synthetic oil do not vary much as compared to mineral oil.

However, synthetic oils are not as popular and commonly used as mineral oils. There are a number of different factors why individuals prefer mineral oil over synthetic oil.

Although, both types of oil serve the same purpose, however, synthetic oils are more expensive than mineral oil and can also be more toxic. Using synthetic oil can be more harmful for the environment and is quite difficult to dispose.

Synthetic oil base is usually preferred by businesses to be used in specific conditions where a high viscosity index may be required. It is also preferred because of its high fire resistance and shear strength properties. Its thermal stability, low pour point and high flash point also make it an excellent choice for some industries.

As mentioned earlier, several additives are added in oil based lubricants to improve their effectiveness. By adding certain additives in your lubricant, you can also adjust its viscosity. In addition, you can also change the viscosity of your lubricants according to the type and function of your machinery.

The main characteristics of any lubricant depends on its oil base and the additives used in it. There are different types of grease thickeners available in the market, all having their own pros and cons.

Almost 20-25% of grease is comprised of a thickening agent. This thickening agent can either be a simple soap substance or a complex one. Simple soap substance in grease is known to have long and fiber-like elements. Its texture is known to be butter-like and smooth. Common examples of simple soap agents include substances such as calcium, silica, polyurea and lithium.

Unlike simple soap, complex soap constitutes of long plus short fibers and is not as smooth. Its texture is slightly rough and fibrous. Some of its common examples include elements such as aluminum, barium and sodium.

Unlike an oil base, grease blocks out harmful particles and is comparatively easier to use as it has has a thicker consistency than that of oil.

Through understanding different types of oil based lubricants, you can easily decide which type of lubricant is the most suitable one for your machines. By selecting the right type of lubricant for your machine, you can improve the performance, efficiency and usability of your machines.